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How long do Ethereum transactions take?

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In ideal circumstances an Ethereum transaction takes under 20 seconds, and some sites require multiple confirmations. You can view the average blocktime here: https://etherscan.io/chart/blocktime. Sometimes due to congestion transactions may take longer, although the Ethereum Development Team is working on scaling solutions. You can view detailed metrics and a calculator for suggested Gas (fees) here: http://ethgasstation.info/

Blockchain Specifics

Whenever you send someone Ethereum, the transaction goes through different devices running the Ethereum protocol around the world that make sure the transaction is valid. Once the transaction is verified it then “waits” inside the Mempool.

It’s basically waiting to be picked up by a Ethereum miner and entered into a block of transaction on the Blockchain. Until it is picked up it’s considered an “unconfirmed transaction” or a “pending transaction”.

In some cases there are so many transactions and blocks are finite not all transactions are picked instantly. Sometimes you need to wait for a certain amount of time until it is included in a block.

Once your transaction is included in the block it receives its first confirmation and it’s no longer pending. After another block of transactions is added it will get another confirmation and so on...

This process for transactions needs gas (fee for the Miner) and time to go through your buddy. 

Conclusion: The time, that a transaction need is based on some factors like: Gas, Gwei, amount of miner in the network and amount of transaction in the whole network. The factors vary after some time, so that it may be outdated after tomorrow. 

In the most cases your Wallet calculate the best fee, that your transaction goes fast to your Buddy, but you can also calculate it on that site http://ethgasstation.info

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